TMJ disorders can present differently in each individual, and multiple conditions may coexist in some cases. Some common examples of TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorders are noted below.
Types of TMJ Disorder
Disorders affecting the normal functioning of the jaw include problems with the joint’s disc, articular surfaces, or supporting structures.
A degenerative joint disorder that involves the gradual wearing down of the cartilage in the joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and limited jaw movement.
An autoimmune condition where the body’s immune system attacks the synovial membrane of the joint causing inflammation, pain, and irreversible joint damage.
A condition involving trigger points or muscle knots in the jaw muscles that cause localized pain and may cause referred pain in other areas of the head, neck, and face.
Occurs when the articular disc within the TMJ becomes displaced or dislocated, leading to pain, clicking, or popping sounds, and limited jaw movement.
The habit of clenching or grinding the teeth, especially during sleep. It can lead to muscle tension and joint strain, contributing to TMJ disorders.
The misalignment or displacement of the articular disc within the TMJ, causing joint pain and limited jaw movement.
Inflammation of the joint capsule that surrounds the TMJ, leading to pain and restricted jaw movement.
Inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines the TMJ, causing joint pain and swelling.
A condition where the joint becomes fused or locked, severely limiting jaw movement.